Tuesday, May 1, 2012

History of Fort Rotterdam


Fort Rotterdam or Fort Ujung Pandang (Jum Pandangis a fortress of the Kingdom of Gowa-Tallo heritageThe location of the fort was located on the west coast city of MakassarSouth Sulawesi.

The fort was built in 1545 by the 9th King of Gowa named I manrigau Daeng Bonto Karaeng Lakiung Tumpa'risi 'kallonna. Thisfort was originally made ​​from clay, but in the reign of 14th King of Gowa, Sultan Alauddin, construction of the fort was changed to padas stone are taken from the Karst Mountains in the MarosUjung Pandang fortress is shaped like a turtle who wanted to crawl down into the ocean. The philosophy of kingdom of Gowa can be seen from the shapethat turtles can live on land and at seaSo did the Kingdom of Gowa that triumphed on land and at sea.

The original name of this fort is Fort Ujung Pandang, Gowa-Makassar people call this fort as Fort Panyyua which is the headquarters of the kingdom of Gowa frogmenKingdom ofGowa-Tallo finally signed Bungayya agreement which requires that one clause of the Kingdom of Gowa to surrender the fort to the DutchAt the time the Dutch occupied the fort, the name changed to Fort Ujung Pandang Fort RotterdamCornelis Speelman deliberately chose the name Fort Rotterdam to commemorate his birth in the NetherlandsThis fort was later used by the Dutch as a central storage of spices in eastern Indonesia.

In the complex there are now Ujung Pandang fortress La GaligoMuseum where there are many references on the history of the greatness of Makassar (Gowa-Tallo) and other areas in South SulawesiMost of the buildings are still intact fortress and become one of the attractions in the city of Makassar. (Wikipedia)

List of Vocabularies:
fortress = benteng
heritage = warisan
clay = tanah liat
reign = pemerintahan
crawl = merangkak
triumphed = berjaya
headquarters = markas
commemorate = mengenang
intact = utuh

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